Dr. Armand Hausmann – Ihr Psychiater in Tirol
Executive Function and Memory in Relation to Olfactory Deficits in Alcohol-dependent Patients

Vortrag Univ.-Prof. Dr. Armand Hausmann: Executive Function and Memory in Relation to Olfactory Deficits in Alcohol-dependent Patients

Publikationen (Erstautor oder Mitautor) von Univ.-Prof. Dr. Armand Hausmann

Background: Prior research indicates that chronic alcoholism is accompanied by olfactory defi cits. These have been suggested to reflect dysfunctions in olfactory brain regions. The present study investigated the role of neurocognitive functioning in tests (executive function and memory) sensitive to the functional integrity of brain areas that are crucial to olfactory processing in patients with alcohol dependence. Methods: Performance on olfactory functions (detection threshold, quality discrimination, iden tification), executive function (Wisconsin Card Sorting Test), and memory (German version of the California Verbal Learning Test) was assessed in 32 alcohol-dependent patients and 30 healthy com parison subjects, comparable in age, gender, and smoking status. Results: Compared with controls, alcohol-dependent patients were impaired in all 3 domains, olfactory functions, executive function, and memory. In patients, olfactory discrimination ability was positively correlated with executive function performance. Regression analyses conducted to clarify the relation between group (patients vs controls), executive function, memory, and olfactory func tions indicated that group was the only significant predictor of olfactory detection threshold and identification, and both group and executive function were found to be the significant predictors of olfactory discrimination. Conclusions: Olfactory deficits in alcohol dependence appear to be associated with prefrontal cognitive dysfunction. Results indicate that olfactory quality discrimination deficits are related to executive function impairment. These findings add to the available research on frontal lobe dysfunc tion in alcoholism, suggesting that alcohol-related olfactory discrimination deficits may be associated with impairment in the functional integrity of the prefrontal lobe

Autoren: Claudia I. Rupp, W. Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Arthur Drexler, Armand Hausmann, Hartmann Hinterhuber, and Martin Kurz

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Univ.-Prof. Dr. Armand Hausmann

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Armand Hausmann